返回首页
当前位置: 主页 > 通航资料 > 塞斯纳 >

塞斯纳172飞行员操作手册 Cessna 172 PILOT'S OPERATING HANDBOOK(24)

时间:2011-12-29 11:03来源:蓝天飞行翻译 作者:航空 点击:

To view this page ensure that Adobe Flash Player version 9.0.124 or greater is installed.

曝光台 注意防骗 网曝天猫店富美金盛家居专营店坑蒙拐骗欺诈消费者
  
MAGNETO MALFUNCTION
A sudden engine roughness or misfiring is usually evidence of magneto problems. Switching from BOTH to either L or R ignition switch position will identify which magneto is malfunctioning. Select different power settings and enrichen the mixture to determine if continued opera¬tion on BOTH magnetos is practicable. If not, switch to the good magneto and proceed to the nearest airport for repairs.
LOW OIL PRESSURE
If low oil pressure is accompanied by normal oil temperature, there is a possibility the oil pressure gage or relief valve is malfunctioning. A leak in the line to the gage is not necessarily cause for an immediate precau¬tionary landing because an orifice in this line will prevent a sudden loss of oil from the engine sump. However, a landing at the nearest airport would be advisable to inspect the source of trouble.
If a total loss of oil pressure is accompanied by a rise in oil tempera¬ture, there is good reason to suspect an engine failure is imminent. Reduce
 
engine power immediately and select a suitable forced landing field. Use only the minimum power required to reach the desired touchdown spot.
ELECTRICAL POWER SUPPLY SYSTEM MALFUNCTIONS
Malfunctions in the electrical power supply system can be detected by periodic monitoring of the ammeter and over-voltage warning light; however, the cause of these malfunctions is usually difficult to determine. A broken alternator drive belt or wiring is most likely the cause of alternator failures, although other factors could cause the problem. A damaged or improperly adjusted voltage regulator can also cause malfunctions. Problems of this nature constitute an electrical emergency and should be dealt with immediately. Electrical power malfunctions usually fall into two categories: excessive rate of charge and insufficient rate of charge. The following paragraphs describe the recommended remedy for each situation.
EXCESSIVE RATE OF CHARGE
After engine starting and heavy electrical usage at low engine speeds (such as extended taxiing) the battery condition will be low enough to accept above normal charging during the initial part of a flight. However, after thirty minutes of cruising flight, the ammeter should be indicating less than two needle widths of charging current. If the charging rate were to remain above this value on a long flight, the battery would overheat and evaporate the electrolyte at an excessive rate. Electronic components in the electrical system could be adversely affected by higher than normal voltage if a faulty voltage regulator is causing the overcharging. To preclude these possibilites, an over-voltage sensor will automatically shut down the alternator and the over-voltage warning light will illumi¬nate if the charge voltage reaches approximately 31.5 volts. Assuming that the malfunction was only momentary, an attempt should be made to reactivate the alternator system. To do this, turn the avionics power switch off, then turn both sides of the master switch off and then on again. If the problem no longer exists, normal alternator charging will resume and the warning light will go off. The avionics power switch should then be turned on. If the light comes on again, a malfunction is confirmed. In this event, the flight should be terminated and/or the current drain on the battery minimized because the battery can supply the electrical system for only a limited period of time. If the emergency occurs at night, power must be conserved for later use of the landing lights and flaps during landing.
 
中国通航网 www.ga.cn
通航翻译 www.aviation.cn
本文链接地址:塞斯纳172飞行员操作手册 Cessna 172 PILOT'S OPERATING HANDBOOK(24)
 
------分隔线----------------------------